Md Toy Blog

React useEffect()

THIS_IS_A_DUMMY_VAL_FOR_A_MISSING_REF

What are the use cases of useEffect() in React. IT's a hook so it has to be used inside function components.

REMEMBER: react components are created and managed in a virtual DOM. The moment a component is placed into the DOM is called "Mount".

useEffect is the almost the equivalent of componentDidMount and componentWillUnmount combined. See the lifecycle diagram. So now you know that useEffect is called only after the component is inserted into the DOM: mounted.

However, contrary to these two class methods, useEffect is called after layout and paint. See critical rendering path to see what these two mean.

useEffect is fired every time a component has finished rendering

This may be too much in some cases. To condition the rendering on changes to some other value, we must NOT use if statements inside and check, rather we need to pass it inside an array as the second argument.

useEffect(
  () => {
    const subscription = props.source.subscribe();
    return () => {
      subscription.unsubscribe();
    };
  },
  [props.source],
);

In this case, useEffect is only fired when props.source changes. This is checked internally by react which compares this value to the last call's value.

Any references inside the useEffect callback will reflect old stale values if they are not passed in the second argument array.